Located in Jeongnong-dong, Dongdaemun-gu, Seoul, Cheongnyangni Station is located between Wangsimni Station and Hoegi Station on the Gyeongwon Line. It is also the start and end station of the Jungang Line.
Cheongnyangni Station began operating as a regular station on October 15, 1911 and changed its name to Donggyeongseong Station in 1938. The name was later changed again to Cheongnyangni Station in 1942. The station belongs to the Metropolitan Dongbu branch of Korail, operating tracks on both the Mugunghwa Line and the Seoul Metropolitan Subway, and also handles ticket sales and other Korail services.